Early palliative care: philosophy vs. reality
Preface

Early palliative care: philosophy vs. reality

In the April issue of Annals of Palliative Medicine (APM), we were excited to pass along the great news that APM is now fully indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE (1). Due to the open-access policy of the journal, the information shared in APM is now readily available for those who are looking for sophisticated reviews and original articles on clinical and research topics from the field of palliative care. Such unhindered access along with the quality and relevance of the articles may have contributed to the widespread reception of the journal and its contents.

We are now proud to present another issue of APM that is focusing specifically on early palliative care for oncology patients. The topic has meanwhile emerged as one of the hottest issues in the field. In this issue, leading authors, experienced clinicians and nurses share their experiences with the difficult task of integration of oncology and palliative care services.

All of us are dedicated to provide the best possible palliative care for our patients. This may be, for example, in the outpatient radiation oncology clinic of a large comprehensive cancer center, but also in private oncology practice, home care nursing services or even multi-professional specialist palliative care teams and hospice programs. Therefore, such integration of oncology and palliative care is a key challenge for all of us (2). Yet, when discussing models of integration with colleagues, the hospital administration or other disciplines, you may frequently encounter significant misunderstandings or different views on how to accomplish early palliative care and what it actually is all about (3). This issue of APM aims to delineate some of the most frequently discussed key aspects of such discussions and suggests sustainable solutions.

Section A of this issue focusses on “Models of Care”. For example, David Hui and Eduardo Bruera provide a practical and comprehensive overview of different models of integration of oncology and palliative care (4). Examples of such models (and philosophies) are than presented by Zhi and Smith (5) and Yeung et al. (6). While Zhi and Smith (5) report their understanding of early palliative care, where Clinical Oncology and Palliative Medicine are independent but closely cooperating disciplines, Yeung et al. (6) share another approach. For health care settings where Specialist Palliative Care is not universally available, the authors favor a novel approach where Clinical Oncology and Palliative Medicine are a combined specialty. Though Yeung et al. report from Hong Kong, many of you will realize that some of the main points of this article are highly pertinent to oncology and palliative experts in any part of the world.

Other articles from section A share the value of other models of care, including nurse-led interventions, by Fitch, Fliedner, and O’Connor (7).

Section B conveys that the perception and translation of early palliative care in the field of oncology varies enormously in different health care systems. Of special interest is to compare the United States report on early palliative care as detailed by Davis et al. (8) with that in Canada as outlined by Fassbender and Watanabe (9).

Section C addresses an extremely difficult but nevertheless important topic. Gaertner, Maier and Radbruch share their experience in resource allocation issues concerning early palliative care (10). Though we all know that institutional, cultural and personal aspects are major barriers for successful early palliative care, such practical monetary aspects have to be considered for the development and implementation of sustainable models of early palliative care.

The integration of oncology and palliative care services will be a major issue discussed at the “Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium” in Boston in October 2015. Here, oncology [American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)], supportive [Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC)], palliative care [American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM)], and other associations will come together to share different visions as well as practical approaches concerning this topic. Many of the readers and authors of APM will meet in Boston. We hope that this issue of APM may add to the clarity and productivity of the discussions.


References

  1. Simone CB 2nd. Annals of Palliative Medicine is indexed in PubMed. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:46-7. [PubMed]
  2. Tuggey EM, Lewin WH. A multidisciplinary approach in providing transitional care for patients with advanced cancer. Ann Palliat Med 2014;3:139-43. [PubMed]
  3. Gaertner J, Lutz S, Chow E, et al. Integrating palliative care and oncology: towards a common understanding. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:3-4. [PubMed]
  4. Hui D, Bruera E. Models of integration of oncology and palliative care. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:89-98.
  5. Zhi WI, Smith TJ. Early integration of palliative care into oncology: evidence, challenges and barriers. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:122-31.
  6. Yeung R, Wong KH, Yuen KK, et al. Clinical oncology and palliative medicine as a combined specialty—a unique model in Hong Kong. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:132-4.
  7. Fitch MI, Fliedner MC, O’Connor M. Nursing perspectives on palliative care 2015. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:150-5.
  8. Davis MP, Temel JS, Balboni T, et al. A review of the trials which examine early integration of outpatient and home palliative care for patients with serious illnesses. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:99-121.
  9. Fassbender K, Watanabe SM. Early palliative care and its translation into oncology practice in Canada: barriers and challenges. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:135-49.
  10. Gaertner J, Maier BO, Radbruch L. Resource allocation issues concerning early palliative care. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4:156-61.
Jan Gaertner, MD.
Senior Consultant, Senior Researcher, Department of Palliative Care, Comprehensive Cancer Center Freiburg University, Freiburg, Germany. (Email: jan.gaertner@uniklinik-freiburg.de.)
Stephen Lutz, MD.
Radiation Oncologist, Department of Radiation Oncology, Blanchard Valley Regional Cancer Center, Findlay, OH, USA. (Email: slutz@bvhealthsystem.org.)
Edward Chow, MBBS, MSc, PhD.
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. (Email: Edward.Chow@sunnybrook.ca.)

Jan Gaertner, MD
Stephen Lutz, MD
Edward Chow, MBBS, MSc, PhD

doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2224-5820.2015.07.06

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Cite this article as: Gaertner J, Lutz S, Chow E. Early palliative care: philosophy vs. reality. Ann Palliat Med 2015;4(3):87-88. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2224-5820.2015.07.06