Article Abstract

Application of care bundles in bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children

Authors: Yuanyuan Liang, Wenqiong Xin, Yang Yang, Xiaoling Li

Abstract

Background: To explore the value of care bundles (CBs) in bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children.
Methods: Children who underwent electronic fiberoptic colonoscopy or enteroscopic surgery in our hospital from September 2016 to October 2017 were enrolled as the conventional nursing (CN) group and children who received such procedures from November 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled as the care bundle group. Polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution (PEG-ELS) was used for bowel preparation in all children. The CBs included nurse education, risk evaluation of inadequate bowel preparation, education of children and families, and observation and assessment during preparation. The quality of bowel preparation, tolerance and safety, families’ anxiety score, and degree of satisfaction with hospitalization were compared between these two groups.
Results: Eighty-two children were enrolled in this study, with 42 cases in the CB group and 40 cases in the CN group. Symptoms of distension, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fatigue, along with intragastric feeding, were compared between the two groups. An additional enema was performed in 2 cases in the CB group and in 12 cases in the CN group, demonstrating a significant difference between the groups. The Aronchick score and anxiety score of families were 1.24±0.85 vs. 2.35±1.76 (t=−3.477, P=0.001) and 3.28±0.85 vs. 5.45±1.78 (t=−3.473, P=0.001) in the CN group and CB group, respectively. The satisfaction rate was 97.62% vs. 85.00% (χ²=6.764, P<0.001).
Conclusions: Implementation of the care bundles in the bowel preparation of children planning to receive colonoscopy can improve the quality of preparation and the satisfaction with hospitalization while alleviating the anxiety of patients and their families.